Gym Classes, Yoga Classes & Pilates Classes Pasadena

Pasadena Fitness Classes, Group Fitness Classes, Cardio & Zumba Classes

With a variety of group exercise classes at the Gold’s Gym in Pasadena, California, realize your health and fitness goals with the classes that interest you the most. For a calorie-burning aerobic workout, jump into BodyAttack, the high-intensity interval training class that combines strength, cardio and stabilization exercises for the ultimate whole body workout. Or, unleash energy in fitness kickboxing classes like BodyCombat where you punch, kick and strike to powerful music. Ease into low impact gym classes such as BodyFlow where you learn aerobic yoga and Pilates poses to release stress and build core strength.

Exercise newbies explore group exercise classes such as BodyVive where you workout at your own level using Vive™ balls and Vive tubes to build strength and endurance. Then, get an aerobic workout in our fun cardio dance classes that combine jazz, disco and hip hop dance moves with traditional high and low cardio moves – no dance experience required. Or, try our fitness kickboxing classes or indoor cycling classes taught at all levels to get a calorie-burning workout. Check out our flexible gym class schedule to find the classes that are right for you.

Burn calories in the group exercise class where you shake your booty and move your feet to hot Latin beats in Zumba. Or, melt pounds with aerobic workout classes like BodyAttack where you train hard with high-intensity interval training that builds strength, stability and endurance.

  • September 2017
  • Sep
    15
    Fri
  • Spinning Sep 15 @ 5:30 AM - 6:15 AM For comprehensive Pasadena cycle classes, check out Spinning fitness classes in Pasadena that are great cardio classes for everyone from beginners to advanced cyclists. From our indoor cycling studio, we will take you on a calorie-blasting journey that will challenge and excite you.
  • BODYFLOW Sep 15 @ 9:30 AM - 10:30 AM Center yourself in Pasadena Body Flow classes with controlled breathing, concentration and a carefully structured series of stretches, moves and poses set to music. Combining tai chi, yoga and Pilates, these holistic Pasadena fitness classes bring the body into harmony and balance.
  • Silver Sneakers - Classic Sep 15 @ 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM Move to music in Pasadena senior fitness classes and get a fun and challenging workout that increases muscle strength, range of movement and functional abilities. Silver Sneakers Classic senior exercise uses hand-held weights, elastic tubing with handles and a ball, and these fitness classes in Pasadena are adaptable to any fitness level.
  • BODYPUMP Sep 15 @ 5:30 PM - 6:30 PM Muscle-building Pasadena Body Pump classes use the best weight-room classes, including squats, presses, lifts and curls. BodyPump workout classes strengthen the entire body, challenging all the major muscle groups and offering the lasting results you want.
  • Sep
    16
    Sat
  • BODYPUMP Sep 16 @ 8:30 AM - 9:30 AM Muscle-building Pasadena Body Pump classes use the best weight-room classes, including squats, presses, lifts and curls. BodyPump workout classes strengthen the entire body, challenging all the major muscle groups and offering the lasting results you want.
  • POUND Sep 16 @ 9:35 AM - 10:05 AM Fun and effective Pasadena Pound fitness classes are a full-body cardio jam that brings in Pilates, isometrics and plyometrics. Simulated drumming in Ripstix workouts offers light resistance training, and these Pasadena group exercise classes rock you all the way to a leaner and slimmer physique.
  • Dance Mix Sep 16 @ 10:15 AM - 10:45 AM Easy to follow Pasadena dance workout classes with great music make burning calories and getting in shape fun. Dance Mix cardio dance workouts rock the top dance hits, so that these intense Pasadena workout classes don't feel like exercise at all
  • Silver Sneakers - Circuit Sep 16 @ 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM Pasadena SilverSneakers fitness classes are designed to promote the health and fitness that older members want in Pasadena exercise classes. Silver Sneakers Circuit training takes you through a series of exercises that increase cardiovascular fitness and muscle endurance.
  • Sep
    17
    Sun
  • Vinyasa Flow Yoga Sep 17 @ 9:00 AM - 10:00 AM Feel the energy in the Pasadena yoga studio with Vinyasa Flow Yoga, exercise classes in Pasadena based on the Sun Salutation (Surya Namaskar). These group yoga classes focus on alignment and breathing through a series of standing and seated poses that incorporate balance and backbends.
  • GGX BARRE NONE Sep 17 @ 10:00 AM - 10:30 AM
  • Zumba Sep 17 @ 10:30 AM - 11:30 AM Cardio-intense Pasadena Zumba group exercise classes let you get your Latin dance groove on to highly motivating music while getting a fun workout. These dance workouts deliver challenging aerobic intervals through alternating fast and slow rhythms.
  • Sep
    18
    Mon
  • Spinning Sep 18 @ 5:30 AM - 6:30 AM For comprehensive Pasadena cycle classes, check out Spinning fitness classes in Pasadena that are great cardio classes for everyone from beginners to advanced cyclists. From our indoor cycling studio, we will take you on a calorie-blasting journey that will challenge and excite you.
  • Spinning Sep 18 @ 8:30 AM - 9:30 AM For comprehensive Pasadena cycle classes, check out Spinning fitness classes in Pasadena that are great cardio classes for everyone from beginners to advanced cyclists. From our indoor cycling studio, we will take you on a calorie-blasting journey that will challenge and excite you.
  • BODYFLOW Sep 18 @ 9:30 AM - 10:30 AM Center yourself in Pasadena Body Flow classes with controlled breathing, concentration and a carefully structured series of stretches, moves and poses set to music. Combining tai chi, yoga and Pilates, these holistic Pasadena fitness classes bring the body into harmony and balance.
  • Silver Sneakers - Classic Sep 18 @ 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM Move to music in Pasadena senior fitness classes and get a fun and challenging workout that increases muscle strength, range of movement and functional abilities. Silver Sneakers Classic senior exercise uses hand-held weights, elastic tubing with handles and a ball, and these fitness classes in Pasadena are adaptable to any fitness level.
  • BODYPUMP Sep 18 @ 5:30 PM - 6:30 PM Muscle-building Pasadena Body Pump classes use the best weight-room classes, including squats, presses, lifts and curls. BodyPump workout classes strengthen the entire body, challenging all the major muscle groups and offering the lasting results you want.
  • BODYCOMBAT Sep 18 @ 6:30 PM - 7:15 PM
  • POUND Sep 18 @ 7:30 PM - 8:00 PM Fun and effective Pasadena Pound fitness classes are a full-body cardio jam that brings in Pilates, isometrics and plyometrics. Simulated drumming in Ripstix workouts offers light resistance training, and these Pasadena group exercise classes rock you all the way to a leaner and slimmer physique.
  • Dance Mix Sep 18 @ 8:00 PM - 9:00 PM Easy to follow Pasadena dance workout classes with great music make burning calories and getting in shape fun. Dance Mix cardio dance workouts rock the top dance hits, so that these intense Pasadena workout classes don't feel like exercise at all
  • Sep
    19
    Tue
  • BODYPUMP Sep 19 @ 8:30 AM - 9:30 AM Muscle-building Pasadena Body Pump classes use the best weight-room classes, including squats, presses, lifts and curls. BodyPump workout classes strengthen the entire body, challenging all the major muscle groups and offering the lasting results you want.
  • Silver Sneakers - Classic Sep 19 @ 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM Move to music in Pasadena senior fitness classes and get a fun and challenging workout that increases muscle strength, range of movement and functional abilities. Silver Sneakers Classic senior exercise uses hand-held weights, elastic tubing with handles and a ball, and these fitness classes in Pasadena are adaptable to any fitness level.
  • Spinning Sep 19 @ 5:30 PM - 6:15 PM For comprehensive Pasadena cycle classes, check out Spinning fitness classes in Pasadena that are great cardio classes for everyone from beginners to advanced cyclists. From our indoor cycling studio, we will take you on a calorie-blasting journey that will challenge and excite you.
  • Athletic Interval Sep 19 @ 5:30 PM - 6:30 PM Pasadena Athletic Interval classes alternate intervals of muscle-building strength exercises with cardio athletic drills. The combination of cardio exercises and strength training makes these Pasadena group workout classes intense and challenging.
  • Vinyasa Flow Yoga Sep 19 @ 6:35 PM - 7:35 PM Feel the energy in the Pasadena yoga studio with Vinyasa Flow Yoga, exercise classes in Pasadena based on the Sun Salutation (Surya Namaskar). These group yoga classes focus on alignment and breathing through a series of standing and seated poses that incorporate balance and backbends.
  • Zumba Sep 19 @ 7:45 PM - 8:45 PM Cardio-intense Pasadena Zumba group exercise classes let you get your Latin dance groove on to highly motivating music while getting a fun workout. These dance workouts deliver challenging aerobic intervals through alternating fast and slow rhythms.
  • Sep
    20
    Wed
  • Spinning Sep 20 @ 5:30 AM - 6:15 AM For comprehensive Pasadena cycle classes, check out Spinning fitness classes in Pasadena that are great cardio classes for everyone from beginners to advanced cyclists. From our indoor cycling studio, we will take you on a calorie-blasting journey that will challenge and excite you.
  • Spinning Sep 20 @ 8:30 AM - 9:15 AM For comprehensive Pasadena cycle classes, check out Spinning fitness classes in Pasadena that are great cardio classes for everyone from beginners to advanced cyclists. From our indoor cycling studio, we will take you on a calorie-blasting journey that will challenge and excite you.
  • BODYFLOW Sep 20 @ 9:30 AM - 10:30 AM Center yourself in Pasadena Body Flow classes with controlled breathing, concentration and a carefully structured series of stretches, moves and poses set to music. Combining tai chi, yoga and Pilates, these holistic Pasadena fitness classes bring the body into harmony and balance.
  • Silver Sneakers - Circuit Sep 20 @ 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM Pasadena SilverSneakers fitness classes are designed to promote the health and fitness that older members want in Pasadena exercise classes. Silver Sneakers Circuit training takes you through a series of exercises that increase cardiovascular fitness and muscle endurance.
  • BODYPUMP Sep 20 @ 5:30 PM - 6:30 PM Muscle-building Pasadena Body Pump classes use the best weight-room classes, including squats, presses, lifts and curls. BodyPump workout classes strengthen the entire body, challenging all the major muscle groups and offering the lasting results you want.
  • Kickboxing Sep 20 @ 6:35 PM - 7:20 PM
  • POUND Sep 20 @ 7:30 PM - 8:00 PM Fun and effective Pasadena Pound fitness classes are a full-body cardio jam that brings in Pilates, isometrics and plyometrics. Simulated drumming in Ripstix workouts offers light resistance training, and these Pasadena group exercise classes rock you all the way to a leaner and slimmer physique.
  • Dance Mix Sep 20 @ 8:00 PM - 9:00 PM Easy to follow Pasadena dance workout classes with great music make burning calories and getting in shape fun. Dance Mix cardio dance workouts rock the top dance hits, so that these intense Pasadena workout classes don't feel like exercise at all
  • Sep
    21
    Thu
  • BODYPUMP Sep 21 @ 8:30 AM - 9:30 AM Muscle-building Pasadena Body Pump classes use the best weight-room classes, including squats, presses, lifts and curls. BodyPump workout classes strengthen the entire body, challenging all the major muscle groups and offering the lasting results you want.
  • GGX BARRE NONE Sep 21 @ 9:30 AM - 10:30 AM
  • Silver Sneakers - Circuit Sep 21 @ 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM Pasadena SilverSneakers fitness classes are designed to promote the health and fitness that older members want in Pasadena exercise classes. Silver Sneakers Circuit training takes you through a series of exercises that increase cardiovascular fitness and muscle endurance.
  • Athletic Interval Sep 21 @ 5:30 PM - 6:30 PM Pasadena Athletic Interval classes alternate intervals of muscle-building strength exercises with cardio athletic drills. The combination of cardio exercises and strength training makes these Pasadena group workout classes intense and challenging.
  • Vinyasa Flow Yoga Sep 21 @ 6:35 PM - 7:05 PM Feel the energy in the Pasadena yoga studio with Vinyasa Flow Yoga, exercise classes in Pasadena based on the Sun Salutation (Surya Namaskar). These group yoga classes focus on alignment and breathing through a series of standing and seated poses that incorporate balance and backbends.
  • Sep
    22
    Fri
  • Spinning Sep 22 @ 5:30 AM - 6:15 AM For comprehensive Pasadena cycle classes, check out Spinning fitness classes in Pasadena that are great cardio classes for everyone from beginners to advanced cyclists. From our indoor cycling studio, we will take you on a calorie-blasting journey that will challenge and excite you.
  • BODYFLOW Sep 22 @ 9:30 AM - 10:30 AM Center yourself in Pasadena Body Flow classes with controlled breathing, concentration and a carefully structured series of stretches, moves and poses set to music. Combining tai chi, yoga and Pilates, these holistic Pasadena fitness classes bring the body into harmony and balance.
  • Silver Sneakers - Classic Sep 22 @ 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM Move to music in Pasadena senior fitness classes and get a fun and challenging workout that increases muscle strength, range of movement and functional abilities. Silver Sneakers Classic senior exercise uses hand-held weights, elastic tubing with handles and a ball, and these fitness classes in Pasadena are adaptable to any fitness level.
  • BODYPUMP Sep 22 @ 5:30 PM - 6:30 PM Muscle-building Pasadena Body Pump classes use the best weight-room classes, including squats, presses, lifts and curls. BodyPump workout classes strengthen the entire body, challenging all the major muscle groups and offering the lasting results you want.
  • Sep
    23
    Sat
  • Spinning Sep 23 @ 8:00 AM - 8:45 AM For comprehensive Pasadena cycle classes, check out Spinning fitness classes in Pasadena that are great cardio classes for everyone from beginners to advanced cyclists. From our indoor cycling studio, we will take you on a calorie-blasting journey that will challenge and excite you.
  • BODYPUMP Sep 23 @ 8:30 AM - 9:30 AM Muscle-building Pasadena Body Pump classes use the best weight-room classes, including squats, presses, lifts and curls. BodyPump workout classes strengthen the entire body, challenging all the major muscle groups and offering the lasting results you want.
  • POUND Sep 23 @ 9:35 AM - 10:05 AM Fun and effective Pasadena Pound fitness classes are a full-body cardio jam that brings in Pilates, isometrics and plyometrics. Simulated drumming in Ripstix workouts offers light resistance training, and these Pasadena group exercise classes rock you all the way to a leaner and slimmer physique.
  • Dance Mix Sep 23 @ 10:15 AM - 10:45 AM Easy to follow Pasadena dance workout classes with great music make burning calories and getting in shape fun. Dance Mix cardio dance workouts rock the top dance hits, so that these intense Pasadena workout classes don't feel like exercise at all
  • Silver Sneakers - Circuit Sep 23 @ 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM Pasadena SilverSneakers fitness classes are designed to promote the health and fitness that older members want in Pasadena exercise classes. Silver Sneakers Circuit training takes you through a series of exercises that increase cardiovascular fitness and muscle endurance.
  • Sep
    24
    Sun
  • Vinyasa Flow Yoga Sep 24 @ 9:00 AM - 10:00 AM Feel the energy in the Pasadena yoga studio with Vinyasa Flow Yoga, exercise classes in Pasadena based on the Sun Salutation (Surya Namaskar). These group yoga classes focus on alignment and breathing through a series of standing and seated poses that incorporate balance and backbends.
  • GGX BARRE NONE Sep 24 @ 10:00 AM - 10:30 AM
  • Zumba Sep 24 @ 10:30 AM - 11:30 AM Cardio-intense Pasadena Zumba group exercise classes let you get your Latin dance groove on to highly motivating music while getting a fun workout. These dance workouts deliver challenging aerobic intervals through alternating fast and slow rhythms.
  • Sep
    25
    Mon
  • Spinning Sep 25 @ 5:30 AM - 6:30 AM For comprehensive Pasadena cycle classes, check out Spinning fitness classes in Pasadena that are great cardio classes for everyone from beginners to advanced cyclists. From our indoor cycling studio, we will take you on a calorie-blasting journey that will challenge and excite you.
  • Spinning Sep 25 @ 8:30 AM - 9:30 AM For comprehensive Pasadena cycle classes, check out Spinning fitness classes in Pasadena that are great cardio classes for everyone from beginners to advanced cyclists. From our indoor cycling studio, we will take you on a calorie-blasting journey that will challenge and excite you.
  • BODYFLOW Sep 25 @ 9:30 AM - 10:30 AM Center yourself in Pasadena Body Flow classes with controlled breathing, concentration and a carefully structured series of stretches, moves and poses set to music. Combining tai chi, yoga and Pilates, these holistic Pasadena fitness classes bring the body into harmony and balance.
  • Silver Sneakers - Classic Sep 25 @ 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM Move to music in Pasadena senior fitness classes and get a fun and challenging workout that increases muscle strength, range of movement and functional abilities. Silver Sneakers Classic senior exercise uses hand-held weights, elastic tubing with handles and a ball, and these fitness classes in Pasadena are adaptable to any fitness level.
  • BODYPUMP Sep 25 @ 5:30 PM - 6:30 PM Muscle-building Pasadena Body Pump classes use the best weight-room classes, including squats, presses, lifts and curls. BodyPump workout classes strengthen the entire body, challenging all the major muscle groups and offering the lasting results you want.
  • BODYCOMBAT Sep 25 @ 6:30 PM - 7:15 PM
  • POUND Sep 25 @ 7:30 PM - 8:00 PM Fun and effective Pasadena Pound fitness classes are a full-body cardio jam that brings in Pilates, isometrics and plyometrics. Simulated drumming in Ripstix workouts offers light resistance training, and these Pasadena group exercise classes rock you all the way to a leaner and slimmer physique.
  • Dance Mix Sep 25 @ 8:00 PM - 9:00 PM Easy to follow Pasadena dance workout classes with great music make burning calories and getting in shape fun. Dance Mix cardio dance workouts rock the top dance hits, so that these intense Pasadena workout classes don't feel like exercise at all
  • Sep
    26
    Tue
  • BODYPUMP Sep 26 @ 8:30 AM - 9:30 AM Muscle-building Pasadena Body Pump classes use the best weight-room classes, including squats, presses, lifts and curls. BodyPump workout classes strengthen the entire body, challenging all the major muscle groups and offering the lasting results you want.
  • Silver Sneakers - Classic Sep 26 @ 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM Move to music in Pasadena senior fitness classes and get a fun and challenging workout that increases muscle strength, range of movement and functional abilities. Silver Sneakers Classic senior exercise uses hand-held weights, elastic tubing with handles and a ball, and these fitness classes in Pasadena are adaptable to any fitness level.
  • Spinning Sep 26 @ 5:30 PM - 6:15 PM For comprehensive Pasadena cycle classes, check out Spinning fitness classes in Pasadena that are great cardio classes for everyone from beginners to advanced cyclists. From our indoor cycling studio, we will take you on a calorie-blasting journey that will challenge and excite you.
  • Athletic Interval Sep 26 @ 5:30 PM - 6:30 PM Pasadena Athletic Interval classes alternate intervals of muscle-building strength exercises with cardio athletic drills. The combination of cardio exercises and strength training makes these Pasadena group workout classes intense and challenging.
  • Vinyasa Flow Yoga Sep 26 @ 6:35 PM - 7:35 PM Feel the energy in the Pasadena yoga studio with Vinyasa Flow Yoga, exercise classes in Pasadena based on the Sun Salutation (Surya Namaskar). These group yoga classes focus on alignment and breathing through a series of standing and seated poses that incorporate balance and backbends.
  • Zumba Sep 26 @ 7:45 PM - 8:45 PM Cardio-intense Pasadena Zumba group exercise classes let you get your Latin dance groove on to highly motivating music while getting a fun workout. These dance workouts deliver challenging aerobic intervals through alternating fast and slow rhythms.
  • Sep
    27
    Wed
  • Spinning Sep 27 @ 5:30 AM - 6:15 AM For comprehensive Pasadena cycle classes, check out Spinning fitness classes in Pasadena that are great cardio classes for everyone from beginners to advanced cyclists. From our indoor cycling studio, we will take you on a calorie-blasting journey that will challenge and excite you.
  • Spinning Sep 27 @ 8:30 AM - 9:15 AM For comprehensive Pasadena cycle classes, check out Spinning fitness classes in Pasadena that are great cardio classes for everyone from beginners to advanced cyclists. From our indoor cycling studio, we will take you on a calorie-blasting journey that will challenge and excite you.
  • BODYFLOW Sep 27 @ 9:30 AM - 10:30 AM Center yourself in Pasadena Body Flow classes with controlled breathing, concentration and a carefully structured series of stretches, moves and poses set to music. Combining tai chi, yoga and Pilates, these holistic Pasadena fitness classes bring the body into harmony and balance.
  • Silver Sneakers - Circuit Sep 27 @ 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM Pasadena SilverSneakers fitness classes are designed to promote the health and fitness that older members want in Pasadena exercise classes. Silver Sneakers Circuit training takes you through a series of exercises that increase cardiovascular fitness and muscle endurance.
  • BODYPUMP Sep 27 @ 5:30 PM - 6:30 PM Muscle-building Pasadena Body Pump classes use the best weight-room classes, including squats, presses, lifts and curls. BodyPump workout classes strengthen the entire body, challenging all the major muscle groups and offering the lasting results you want.
  • Kickboxing Sep 27 @ 6:35 PM - 7:20 PM
  • POUND Sep 27 @ 7:30 PM - 8:00 PM Fun and effective Pasadena Pound fitness classes are a full-body cardio jam that brings in Pilates, isometrics and plyometrics. Simulated drumming in Ripstix workouts offers light resistance training, and these Pasadena group exercise classes rock you all the way to a leaner and slimmer physique.
  • Dance Mix Sep 27 @ 8:00 PM - 9:00 PM Easy to follow Pasadena dance workout classes with great music make burning calories and getting in shape fun. Dance Mix cardio dance workouts rock the top dance hits, so that these intense Pasadena workout classes don't feel like exercise at all
  • Sep
    28
    Thu
  • BODYPUMP Sep 28 @ 8:30 AM - 9:30 AM Muscle-building Pasadena Body Pump classes use the best weight-room classes, including squats, presses, lifts and curls. BodyPump workout classes strengthen the entire body, challenging all the major muscle groups and offering the lasting results you want.
  • GGX BARRE NONE Sep 28 @ 9:30 AM - 10:30 AM
  • Silver Sneakers - Circuit Sep 28 @ 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM Pasadena SilverSneakers fitness classes are designed to promote the health and fitness that older members want in Pasadena exercise classes. Silver Sneakers Circuit training takes you through a series of exercises that increase cardiovascular fitness and muscle endurance.
  • Athletic Interval Sep 28 @ 5:30 PM - 6:30 PM Pasadena Athletic Interval classes alternate intervals of muscle-building strength exercises with cardio athletic drills. The combination of cardio exercises and strength training makes these Pasadena group workout classes intense and challenging.
  • Vinyasa Flow Yoga Sep 28 @ 6:35 PM - 7:05 PM Feel the energy in the Pasadena yoga studio with Vinyasa Flow Yoga, exercise classes in Pasadena based on the Sun Salutation (Surya Namaskar). These group yoga classes focus on alignment and breathing through a series of standing and seated poses that incorporate balance and backbends.
39 South Altadena Dr
Pasadena
CA
91107
34.144901
-118.098671
14

39 South Altadena Dr, Pasadena, CA 91107

626-304-1133

  • HoursGym Hours

    Mon - Fri : 5AM - 11PM

    Sat - Sun : 6AM - 7PM

Sculpt your body with group exercise classes like BodyPump at this health club, where you transform your body using low weight loads combined with high repetition movements.

Lose weight in dynamic group exercise classes at the Gold’s Gym in Pasadena, California. Get an aerobic workout riding over virtual mountains, hills and plateaus in an indoor cycling class led by our fitness experts, or jump into cross training classes at this local gym for a high intensity calorie burn. Kick it in fitness kickboxing classes like BodyCombat to melt pounds while kicking, striking and punching to high-energy music. Then join gym classes like cardio dance aerobics or Zumba where you get your groove on in a party-like atmosphere and lose yourself in the music.

Seniors get fit in group exercise classes like our Silver Sneakers classes that improve your mobility and strength with fun aerobic routines that our top-notch fitness coaches can modify for intensity. Then stretch in an aerobic workout class like BodyFlow where you learn seated and standing aerobic yoga-inspired poses that are perfect for senior fitness and all levels of fitness. With the fitness kickboxing class, BodyCombat, seniors who have maintained a high level of fitness throughout life get a heart pumping cardio workout. View our gym class schedule online or at the gym to find the classes that match your fitness level and interests.